среда, 05. децембар 2012.

Crvena lista nestajanja

Naša planeta je prošla kroz nekoliko masovnih izumiranja živog sveta tako da se procenjuje da je 98% vrsta koje su ikada živele na planeti Zemlji u nekom trenutku nestalo. Vrste nastaju i nestaju. Identifikovano je 5 veliki izumiranja (po radu Jacka Sepkoski i David M. Raup iz 1982.), a trenutno se izgleda nalazimo u još jednom velikom nestajanju vrsta.

Crvena lista IUCN (IUCN Red List) je najpoznatija lista vrsta čiji je opstanak ozbiljno ugrožen.


Vrste se na ovoj listi smeštaju u nekoliko kategorija:


  • EX — Extinct / izumrle
  • EW — Extinct in the wild / iščezle u divljini
  • CR — Critically Endangered / krajnje ugrožene
  • EN — Endangered / ugrožene
  • VU — Vulnerable / ranjive
  • LR — Low risk / niži stepen ugroženosti
    • LR/cd — Conservation dependent
    • LR/nt — Nearly threaten
    • LR/lc — Least concer




Kad su kaktusi u pitanju od 141 vrste, 25 vrsta je ugroženo, a 27 kritično ugroženo (WWF-Cacti). Za ljubitelje kaktusa to bi značilo da biljke koje gajimo treba uzimati iz proverenih izvora koji ne ugrožavaju postojeću divlju populaciju biljaka.

Lista ugroženih kaktusa:


Acharagma aguirreanum
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Ariocarpus agavoides (Tamaulipas Living Rock Cactus)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Ariocarpus bravoanus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: stable

Ariocarpus scaphirostris
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Arrojadoa dinae
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Arrojadoa eriocaulis
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Arthrocereus glaziovii
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Arthrocereus melanurus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Arthrocereus rondonianus
Status: Vulnerable

Astrophytum asterias (Sand Dollar Cactus)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Brachycereus nesioticus (Lava Cactus)
Status: Vulnerable

Brasilicereus markgrafii
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Cereus mirabella
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Cipocereus bradei
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Cipocereus crassisepalus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Cipocereus laniflorus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: increasing

Cipocereus pusilliflorus
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: unknown

Coleocephalocereus purpureus
Status: Critically Endangered 
Pop. trend: decreasing

Coryphantha hintoniorum
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Coryphantha maiz-tablasensis
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Coryphantha pycnacantha
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Coryphantha robustispina (Pima Pineapple Cactus)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Coryphantha vogtherriana
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Cumarinia odorata
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus bahiensis
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus catingicola
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus horstii
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus placentiformis
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus pseudoinsignis
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Discocactus zehntneri
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Echinocactus grusonii (Golden Barrel)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Espostoopsis dybowskii
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Facheiroa cephaliomelana
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: unknown

Jasminocereus thouarsii
Status: Vulnerable

Leptocereus quadricostatus (Sebucan)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: unknown

Lophophora diffusa (Peyote)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria albicoma
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria albiflora (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria anniana (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria aureilanata (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria berkiana (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered  

Pop. trend: unknown
Mammillaria duwei (Biznaguita)
Status: Endangered  

Pop. trend: decreasing
Mammillaria gasseriana (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable  

Pop. trend: decreasing
Mammillaria glochidiata (Biznaguita)
Status: Extinct in the Wild

Mammillaria guelzowiana (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: increasing

Mammillaria guillauminiana (Biznaguita)
Status: Extinct in the Wild

Mammillaria herrerae (Golf ball)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria luethyi (Biznaguita)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: unknown

Mammillaria marcosii (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria mathildae (Biznaguita de la canada)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria microhelia (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria pennispinosa (Biznaguita)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria rettigiana (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria sanchez-mejoradae (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria schwarzii (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria weingartiana (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Mammillaria zeilmanniana (Biznaguita)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: unknown

Melocactus azureus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus conoideus
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus deinacanthus
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus ferreophilus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus glaucescens
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus pachyacanthus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus paucispinus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Melocactus violaceus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Micranthocereus auriazureus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Micranthocereus polyanthus
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Micranthocereus streckeri
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Micranthocereus violaciflorus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: stable

Obregonia denegrii (Artichoke Cactus)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Opuntia chaffeyi
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Opuntia galapageia
Status: Endangered

Opuntia megarrhiza (Nopalillo)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Opuntia pachyrrhiza
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Pereskia aureiflora
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Pierrebraunia bahiensis
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: unknown

Pilosocereus azulensis
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: unknown

Pilosocereus fulvilanatus
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensis
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Rhipsalis cereoides
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Rhipsalis crispata
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Rhipsalis pilocarpa
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Rhipsalis russellii
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Schlumbergera kautskyi (Christmas Cactus)
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Tacinga braunii
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Tacinga estevesii
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: unknown

Tacinga werneri
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Tephrocactus bonnieae
Status: Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Thelocactus hastifer (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus alonsoi (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus gielsdorfianus (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus hoferi (Biznaguita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus horripilus (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus laui (Biznaugita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus lophophoroides (Biznaguita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus mandragora (Biznaugita)
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus pseudomacrochele (Biznaugita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus pseudopectinatus (Biznaugita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus swobodae (Biznaugita)
Status: Critically Endangered  
Pop. trend: decreasing

Turbinicarpus valdezianus (Biznaugita)
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing

Uebelmannia buiningii
Status: Critically Endangered
Pop. trend: decreasing

Uebelmannia gummifera
Status: Vulnerable
Pop. trend: decreasing




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